For my blog post on machismo in Peru, I held a few highly professional interviews with a couple of male Peruvian friends on Facebook chat, as well as with my host family over pizza.My first friend I interviewed is a professor, a very well educated Limeño. I asked if he believed machismo existed in Peru and he said yes. The rest of the interview went like this: (these are all direct quotes, but not all of the conversation is posted, only the questions and answers I found most relevant).
ME - donde lo ves? (referring to machismo)
Prof - en la familia, en la escuela, en la universidad, en el trabajo, en los servicios , en la ía publica, etc
Me - Crees que machismo va a cambiar en Peru?
Prof - yo pienso que sí, pero va a pasar muchos años.
peru es un pais con muchas culturas, algunas d ellas consideran q el machismo es normal.
yo pienso que el valor del respeto hacia las personas y por ello
la igualdad de derchos entre hombres y mujeres es universal
no tiene un relativismo cultural
no puede ser q a una mujer en el mundo arabe se le castigue con la muerte porque engaña a su marido
no hay excusas culturales para ese tipo de cosas
Me- ¿ves el machismo en la publicidad o los medios de comunicación? si es así, le puede dar un ejemplo?
Prof - asi es, comerciales d cerveza.
asi, pero creo q las mujeres que participan en eso comerciales tienen la culpa d aceptar eso
no tienen dignidad
(haz click here for the Brahma commercial)
After I mentioned the veneration of certain women, such as mothers and the Virgin Mary
This is one of two Virgin's in my host family's house.
My mom placed the flowers there "for the virgin".
Prof- la religion catolica es muy machista
I found this interesting, as most of what I have witnessed has been women being the primary adherents to the Catholic faith. It is women who get together to say the Rosary, women who are often the readers and singers at masses and women who have spoken to me about the Catholic faith. At processions and special masses I have seen many men and, interestingly, when I attended a Catholic youth group with my host sister (16 years old) there were as many young males as females, but most day to day Catholic rituals seem to be female driven. I would like to speak to my friend more about why he believes the Catholic religion is machista (their stance on abortion? On no women priests?).
I briefly interviewed another friend of mine, a fellow student at PUCP:
Student- Si creo que hay machismo
Mayormente en las familias de clase mas pobre
ME- Tienes un ejemplo?
Student - Por ejemploUna familia pobre donde el papa trabaja y la mama se queda cuidando a los niños.
El papa llega a la casa borracho y le pega ala mama
ME - En tu opinión, ¿por qué existe el machismo en el Perú?
Student - porque, Hay gente que no recibe la educacion y valores, Que los puedan ayudar a superar esos problema. Es un resposabilidad compartida por el estado y tambien por cada familiaI then interviewed my host family. Well, I began by interviewing my younger host sister and was then joined by my host mother and father and the interview turned into a more casual conversation. Some highlights:
- They first mentioned (like my student friend) that it was common in poor places, but then amended that to say it happens in places "con dinero" as well.
- They said the origin was the beliefs of the parents and that machismo is a generational problem
- My sister cited "not letting the woman work" as an example of machista
- Like my professor friend, they mentioned the Middle East as a place with worse machismo
- They also mentioned Mexico as having worse machismo because "men always command"
- My host mom talked about her father (who passed away) as being very machista and saying to her mother not to share her opinion.
- They mentioned how men often kill women in Peru